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Economy of Turkey

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An overview of Turkish economy with answering what is the economy like in Turkey, main exports and biggest trading partners of Turkey.

Turkey’s economy is mostly based on a free market system. With a developing tourism market there is also a rapid increase in development of the service industry. Another big part of the Turkish economy is agriculture, providing 25% of the population with job opportunities.

GDP of Turkey

Turkey has a GDP (purchasing power parity) of $2.186 trillion which makes Turkey 16th in the world (data from 2017). GDP per capita (PPP) on the other hand is $27,000, which puts Turkey in 77th place in the world (data from 2017).

Turkish Agriculture

Turkey’s main agricultural products are tobacco, cotton, grains, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, and citrus.

Main Industries In Turkey

The main areas of industry include the textile, food processing, automobile, electronic, mining, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, and paper industries.

Turkey’s Labor Force

Turkey’s domestic labor force is about 31.3 million people, putting Turkey in the 19th place in the world (2017). This labor force is distributed to different fields as followed: 18.4% in agriculture, 26.6% in industry, 54.4% in services (2016).

What are Turkey’s Main Exports?

Turkey’s main export products are foodstuff, apparel, textiles, metal manufactures and transport equipment. Traditionally known for its textile and clothing products, Turkey focused on automotive and petrochemical industries more in the recent years and exported more of the products in these fields.

Which Countries are the Biggest Trading Partners of Turkey?

Turkey’s major export partners are as following: Germany 9.6%, UK 6.1%, UAE 5.9%, Iraq 5.8%, US 5.5%, Italy 5.4%, France 4.2%, Spain 4% (as of 2017). 

On the other hand, Turkey’s major import partners are: China 10%, Germany 9.1%, Russia 8.4%, US 5.1%, Italy 4.8% (2017).

What Currency is used in Turkey?

Turkey’s currency is the Turkish lira, and 1 USD is around 5.5-6 Turkish liras in 2019. Turkish liras come in 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 lira paper bills.


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